Frequently Asked Questions
- A more appealing smile.
- Better self-esteem, which is especially critical during the developmental years.
- Teeth function better.
- Better able to clean the teeth, which impacts the long-term health of the gums and teeth.
- Reduces the risk of trauma to protruding front teeth.
- Improves force distribution and wear patterns of the teeth.
- Positively impacts permanent teeth by guiding them into better positions.
- Helps make other dental treatment effective.
- The upper front teeth extend too much over the lower teeth (overjet).
- When biting together, the upper front teeth cover most of the lower teeth (deep bite).
- The upper front teeth are inside or behind the lower front teeth (under bite).
- When biting together, the upper and lower front teeth do not meet (open bite).
- Crowding: this occurs when teeth do not have enough room to erupt from the gum.
- Spacing problems.
- When biting together, the lower jaw shifts to one side or the other.
- The center of the lower and upper teeth does not align correctly.
- You find it difficult to chew.
- You experience uneven or excessive wear on the teeth.
- Finger or thumb-sucking habits continue after age six or seven.
Phase II treatment is often needed as a follow up to Phase I. It is initiated when all of the permanent teeth erupt. This generally occurs between the ages of 11 and 14. Some orthodontic problems are treated more effectively by breaking treatment up into two phases, instead of attempting to correct everything at one time.
Comprehensive treatment is orthodontic treatment accomplished in one step. It can begin before all of the permanent teeth have erupted, and is intended to correct all of the orthodontic problems during one treatment interval.
- Palatal Expansion Appliance: If a child’s upper jaw is too narrow for the upper teeth to fit properly with the lower, a palatal expansion appliance is used to expand the width of the upper jaw. The device can be attached to the upper back teeth.
- Herbst: The Herbst appliance can be utilized to help correct severe protrusion of the upper teeth relative to the lower. It holds the lower jaw forward, thus affecting jaw growth and tooth positions. It is generally attached to the upper and lower molar teeth.
- Facemask: A facemask or reverse-pull headgear is used in a growing child to correct an underbite (when the lower teeth protrude ahead of the upper teeth). It is typically worn at home and while sleeping to influence growth of the upper jaw.
Dr. Long will determine which appliance is suitable for treating each patient’s condition. Generally, one or several appliances can be utilized to successfully treat the patient’s condition. Patient compliance is essential to ensure optimal results are achieved.